Case tractors at Klemm's Implements in the 1940's.
History Overview
The Case IH brand represents a tradition of leadership. It is the culmination of great agricultural equipment companies and brands, including Case, International Harvester and David Brown, to name a few.
Each of those brands has played an important role in the history and evolution of Case IH. Over the years, many things have changed, but the legendary red brand will always represent a commitment to making agricultural producers successful.
Cyrus McCormick demonstrates his mechanical reaper in Virginia
1831 - 1860
1831   Cyrus Hall McCormick invents the mechanical reaper.

1831   Cyrus Hall McCormick demonstrates his mechanical reaper at Steele's Tavern, Virginia. The reaper could cut 10 acres a day - as much as five men. He later added a self-raking feature that allowed one man to cut 40 acres in a day. He does not patent the reaper until 1834.

1842   Jerome Increase Case establishes Racine Threshing Machine Works in Racine, Wisconsin.

1848   Cyrus Hall McCormick establishes McCormick Harvesting Machine Company in Chicago, Illinois.

1851   McCormick’s mechanical reaper earns a Gold Medal at the Royal Exposition at the Crystal Palace in London, England. McCormick  enters the European market.
The first steam engine tractor, built by J.I. Case, is used only for belt power.
1861 - 1880

1863 Jerome Increase Case establishes J.I. Case and Company. He takes on three partners: Messena Erskine, Robert Baker and Stephen Bull. They become known as "The Big Four.”

1869 J.I. Case and Company produces the first steam engine tractor.  The Old No. 1 is on display at the Smithsonian Institution. The tractor is wheel mounted, but still drawn by horses and is used only for belt power.

1871 The Great Chicago Fire destroys the original McCormick factory. Case offered to build machines for McCormick, but McCormick refuses and builds a larger facility in southwest Chicago called McCormick Works.

1874 McCormick adds a mechanized steel binder to the harvester. He begins manufacturing for the 1877 harvest.

1876 Case builds the first self-propelled traction steam engine. However, horses are still used to steer the engine.

1880 J.I. Case Threshing Company incorporates after “The Big Four" partnership dissolves

Case is first old-line harvester company to build a gas tractor.
1881 - 1892

1882    McCormick builds the first McCormick Daisy Reaper

1884   Jerome Increase Case makes a personal visit to a Minnesota farm with a faulty thresher that the farmer and local dealer were unable to fix. Case attempts to repair the thresher himself. However, unable to repair it, he sets it ablaze and gives the farmer a new thresher.  Case was disgusted that a faulty thresher came out of his factory.

1886   Case becomes the largest worldwide manufacturer of steam engines.

1892   Case builds first gasoline tractor, called the "Paterson Tractor." Case is the first of the old-line harvester companies to build a gas tractor. However, it was not successful and Case did not build another gas tractor until 1911.

Early Case 30-60 Gasoline Tractor
1902 - 1922
1902    International Harvester Company is founded from Deering Harvester Company, Plano Manufacturing Company, the Champion Line and Milwaukee Harvester Company on July 28, 1902. International Harvester represented 90 percent of the grain binder business. The voting power controlled by Cyrus McCormick, Jr., Charles Deering, George Perkins and J.P. Morgan, who arranged and financed the consolidation.

1905    The first International Harvester Company Friction Drive tractor made, using International Harvester’s Famous stationary gas engine and a Morton chassis.

1910    International Harvester introduces the Titan tractor. The committee named the line “Titan,” after the Greek mythological figure who was “of gigantic size and enormous strength.” This was becoming the International Harvester tractor legacy: size and strength.

1911    Case releases the first gasoline tractor -- The 30-60.

1919    International Harvester develops first commercial PTO (power takeoff).
1953 Farmall Super H Tractor
1923 - 1954

1923     Bert Benjamin builds first successful row crop tractor, the Farmall, and files for a patent the same year. It becomes known as the "Farmall Regular.” The tractor had a revolutionary light design, but with a high power to weight ratio, narrow front with a single guide wheel and precision steering for cultivation. It became a unified system of tractors and matching implements for plowing, cultivation and harvesting.

1936     Harvester Red #50 is adopted for all International Harvester tractors, crawlers and power units on November 1, 1936.

1939     International Harvester introduces the second generation Farmall - the Letter Series - on August 9, 1939. The series included A and B (small-sized), H (middle-sized), and M (large-sized) tractors.

1943    International Harvester builds first successful spindle cotton picker. "Old Red" was mounted on a Farmall Tractor H.  Both are donated for display at the Smithsonian Institution

1954    The new Number Series Farmall in production, replacing the Letter Series.

Steiger tractor No. 1
1955 - 1963
1958    John Steiger and sons Douglas and Maurice successfully build the first Steiger tractor in their barn at Red Lake Falls, Minnesota, during the winter of 1957-58. The family needed a tractor with higher horsepower than what was commercially available. The tractor, weighing in at 15,000 pounds, is used in the Steigers’ farming operation for 10 years.

1958    Loren Tyler founds Tyler Manufacturing and produces pull type dry spreaders and anhydrous applicators.
1962    International Harvester introduces Farmall and International 706 and 806 models with a new design with more horsepower and long-term reliability.

1963    Case has 125 distributorships with subsidiaries in United Kingdom, France, South Africa, Brazil and Australia, with 15 licensees in other countries. Twenty percent of U.S. production is shipped overseas.

1963    The Steiger family decides to begin commercial tractor production, with Douglas Steiger serving as chief designer and Maurice Steiger heading up production. Five units are designed and built in the family’s barn and sold commercially. Steiger brand tractors are painted a distinctive light green.

International Harvester introduces the 1460 Axial-Flow rotary combine.
1964 - 1977
1965    International Harvester introduces the Farmall and International 1206. It is the industry's first row crop tractor with more than 100 horsepower.

1969    Case’s Old Abe logo is replaced by a new, more modern logo.

1971    International Harvester launches the International Farmall 66 series, powered with a new V-8 engine.

1974    Case’s Agricultural Equipment Division changes colors to Power Red and Power White from Flambeau Red and Desert Sand, which  had been used since 1954.

1977    International Harvester introduces the Axial-Flow rotary harvesting concept, with its 1440 and 1460 model combines. Axial-Flow technology improved threshing and grain quality and used fewer parts for easy maintenance. The company spent $56 million and one million man-hours to design, build and test the concept. Eventually every other major equipment manufacturer developed some version of the rotary combine design pioneered by International Harvester.
International Harvester produces innovative 2+2 row crop, articulated tractor.
1978 - 1985
1980 International Harvester produces the innovative 2+2 row crop articulated tractor, with the driver seated on the rear half of the tractor.

1982 The Steiger Panther 2000 tractor is introduced. It is the first model to have a 12-speed full powershift transmission, electronic controls, comfortable deluxe cab and PFC hydraulics.

1983 Case changes the color of 94 series tractors to black and white. Government regulations banned lead paint and all red and yellow paint contained lead.

1984 Case introduces a new line of 94 series 4WD tractors, including the most powerful unit the company has ever produced, the 4994. The Model 4994 features a turbocharged V-8 with manufacturer's rating of 400 gross engine horsepower.

1985 U.S. Justice Department approves Case’s acquisition of International Harvester. The new organization -- Case IH -- becomes the second largest farm equipment manufacturer. The combination provides increased market share, a broadened product line and a greatly expanded dealer organization.
7100 Series Magnum tractors represent the first combined engineering efforts of Case and IH.
1986 - 1989

1986     Steiger Tractor Incorporated files for Chapter 11-bankruptcy protection due to the struggling worldwide farm economy. With the Steiger plant operating at 25 percent capacity, Tenneco Inc. -- then the parent company of Case IH -- buys Steiger.

1988    Case IH introduces the Magnum tractor – the first all-new machine to come from the combined engineering of International Harvester and Case.

1988    The first red 9100 series Case IH Steiger tractors are produced. Case continues to produce green Steiger tractors until 1989

1988    Fortune magazine names Case IH combines, planters and loader/backhoes among the best products built in the U.S.

Steiger QuadTrac hasfour tracks for greater ground contact.
1990 - 1999
1995    Case IH offers Advanced Farming System (AFS). The state-of-the-art precision farming system allows farmers to monitor yields with satellite technology to maximize productivity.

1996    Case IH acquires controlling interest in Steyr Landmaschinentechnik GmbH of St. Valentin, Austria, a manufacturer of tractors specially designed for mountainous agricultural regions.

1996     Steiger Quadtrac tractor is introduced. The 360-horsepower vehicle has four separate tracks that work independently to provide a greater level of ground contact. The new design reduces ground compaction and provides more traction and less slippage.

1997    40,000th Steiger tractor is produced.

1998    Case IH expands its presence in the application equipment market with purchase of Tyler Manufacturing.

1998    Business Week magazine names the Case IH MX Series Magnum tractor new product of the
 year, in its 10th anniversary year.

1999 Case IH becomes part of CNH.
Special decaling and a "demonstrator" program marked celebration of 100,000th Magnum produced in 2003.
2000 - 2005
2000    The MX270 sets new row crop tractor records at the University of Nebraska Test Laboratory.

2003    The company announces the return of the Farmall brand name with introduction of the new D and DX series tractors.

2003    The 100,000th Magnum tractor rolls off the line in Racine, Wisconsin.

2003    Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation and Minister of Agriculture Alexei Gordeyev, along with a delegation of other Russian dignitaries visit Case IH headquarters in Racine, Wisconsin, to discuss future business opportunities.

2005    STX500 Steiger Quadtrac tractor shatters the World Plowing record, turning 792 acres (321 hectares) of farmland in just 24 hours.
Module Express 625 builds modules while harvesting.
2006 - 2009
2006    Ferrari team cars feature prominent Case IH decals during the Grand Prix of Canada in Montreal, June 25, 2006; and the U.S. Grand Prix in Indianapolis, July 2, 2006.
2006    Case IH announces new on-board module builder technology for cotton harvesting. The Case IH Module Express 625 is the first commercial cotton picker with the ability to build modules while harvesting, saving time, labor and capital.

2007    In every country, Case IH equipment is approved to use five percent (B5) of an approved biodiesel fuel with the same performance as regular fuel. Following proper maintenance and fuel requirements, use of 20 percent biodiesel blends (B20) are approved in more than 90 percent of the models sold in Europe and North America.  And, nearly half of the models sold globally, including the flagship Axial-Flow 8010 combine are approved, following proper protocols, for 100 percent biodiesel (B100).

2008    Case IH introduces Gold Signature Edition models to celebrate the 50th anniversary of Steiger and 20th anniversary of Magnum tractors. The limited edition models carry special decals that are personally signed by Randy Baker, Case IH president.

2008    Farmall tractors celebrate 85th anniversary with introduction of more than 30 models.

2009    Case IH brings to market the broadest line of combines in the industry with six Axial-Flow models, including a Class IX 9120 model.

2009    Case IH brings Automatic Productivity Management to Puma, Magnum and Steiger as well as Continuously Variable Transmission for Puma tractors.